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TEACHER'S GUIDE FOR:

The Happiest Tree

By Uma Krishnaswami
Illustrations by Ruth Jeyaveeran

Synopsis
Because she is clumsy, Meena pretends not to be interested when her class prepares to put on a play. Even her role as a tree in the play causes discomfort when she trips and stumbles in rehearsals. While shopping with her mother at an Indian grocery, Meena discovers a yoga class in the back of the store. She is encouraged by the shopkeeper known as Auntie to sign up for a kids' yoga class. Although yoga is hard, Meena slowly makes progress and begins to gain confidence. On the night of the play, Meena has yet another mishap and loses part of her tree costume. She wants to hide, but is able to use her yoga training—breathing and moving slowly and carefully—to be a good, indeed a happy, tree in the play.

Background
The word yoga derives from a Sanskrit word “yuj,” meaning “to unite or integrate.” Yoga is both a discipline aimed at training the mind for a state of spiritual insight and a system of exercise, breathing, and meditation to promote this control of body and mind. Although yoga may be much older, the earliest evidence dates to around 3000 B.C. on stone seals depicting figures of yoga poses. The oldest yoga teachings are found in the Vedas, the scripture that is the basis of modern Hinduism.

Yoga was introduced in the West in the nineteenth century. Today, the most familiar branch is Hatha Yoga, which uses physical poses such as the cat pose mentioned in The Happiest Tree, breathing techniques, and meditation to achieve good health and spirituality.

Teaching Tip
The Happiest Tree: A Yoga Story is a good title to use in May as part of your observance of Asian American Heritage Month.

Before Reading
Prereading Focus Questions
Before introducing the book, you may wish to develop background and set the stage for reading with questions such as the following.

  1. Do you ever feel awkward and clumsy? What causes you to feel this way? Do you have any suggestions for overcoming these feelings?
  2. What are some school performances you have participated in? How did you feel about your performance?
  3. Do you like to learn how to do new things? What are some skills you have learned in the past year?
  4. Who are the people you teach you, other than your teachers in school? How do they help you learn?
  5. Do you know what yoga is? Have you ever tried it or seen it done?
  6. When is silence helpful?

Exploring the Book
Have students observe the cover illustration. Invite them to comment on what the girl is doing.
Read the book title. Ask students what they think a tree might have to do with a yoga story.

Setting a Purpose for Reading
Have students read to find out how a tree can be happy and what a tree has to do with yoga.

Teaching Tip
The story includes a number of italicized words in Hindi. Draw attention to the pronunciation guide for these words found on the second page of the book.

Vocabulary
Write the following words from the story on the chalkboard. Explain that these words all relate to the theater. Encourage students to suggest other words they know that are related to this theme. After discussing each word and its meaning in terms of theater performance, have students take turns using the words in sentences. Then ask students to use at least five of the words in a short story about a school play.

play set part rehearsal
stage audience lines costume
onstage curtains performance  
       

After Reading
Discussion Questions
After students have read the book, use these or similar questions to generate discussion, enhance comprehension, and develop appreciation. Encourage students to refer back to the book to support their responses.

  1. Why doesn’t Meena want to be in the class play?
  2. How do the other students react to Meena’s clumsiness?
  3. Who is Auntie?
  4. How does Auntie act when Meena knocks things over in her store?
  5. Why does Meena sign up for yoga classes?
  6. Why is Auntie a good teacher?
  7. How does Meena act in the rehearsals?
  8. How does yoga help Meena?
  9. What happens to Meena just before the performance?
  10. Why is Meena “the happiest tree in the whole forest”?

Literature Circles
If you use literature circles during reading time, students might find the following suggestions helpful in focusing on the different roles of the group members.

  • The Questioner might use questions similar to those in the Discussion Question section of this guide to help group members explore the book.
  • The Passage Locator might look for passages that give information about yoga.
  • The Illustrator might find other books about gaining self-confidence and overcoming personal problems.
  • The Connector might find other books about gaining self-confidence and overcoming personal problems.
  • The Summarizer should provide a brief summary of each section of the book the group has completed.
  • The Investigator might collect books and other materials about yoga.

There are many resource books available with more information about organizing and implementing literature circles. Three such books you may wish to refer to are: *Getting Started with Literature Circles* by Katherine L. Schlick Noe and Nancy J. Johnson (Christopher-Gordon, 1999), *Literature Circles: Voice And Choice in Book Clubs and Reading Groups* by Harvey Daniels (Stenhouse, 2002), and *Literature Circles Resource Guide* by Bonnie Campbell Hill, Katherine L. Schlick Noe, and Nancy J. Johnson (Christopher-Gordon, 2000).

Reader's Response
Use the following questions or similar ones to help students engage with the story and personalize the text. Students might respond in reader’s journals, oral discussion, or drawings.

  1. What is some advice you would give to Meena based on your own experiences in resolving a problem?
  2. How are you and Meena alike? How are you different?
  3. Why do you think people learn yoga? Might you try it? Why?
  4. What does Meena learn about herself in this story?
  5. What are some funny parts of this story? Why do you think so?

Other Writing Activities
You may wish to assign students to complete one or more of the following writing activities. Set aside time for students to share and discuss their work.

  1. In the story, Meena’s class is writing a ”new and improved version” of Red Riding Hood. Students in your class might undertake a similar project either with Red Riding Hood or another traditional tale. Begin by having students find clues in the book as to how Meena’s classmates changed the story. Then have students work in groups to write new scenes that they can incorporate into their own class play.
  2. Ask students to imagine that they are Meena. Have them write journal entries for the different events in the book explaining what happened and how they feel about it.
  3. Remind students that the classes in yoga for kids that Auntie gives are new. Have students write an announcement or ad about these classes that Auntie might send to a local newspaper.
  4. Some students might write invitations to Meena’s class play or their own (see activity 1 in this section).
  5. Have students respond in writing to this quotation from the author: “You become your best self from the inside out.”

ELL/ESL Teaching Strategies
These strategies might be helpful to use with students who are English language learners or who are learning to speak English as a second language.

  1. Read the story aloud slowly, repeating lines for emphasis. Invite students to join in on subsequent readings. Offer frequent praise and support.
  2. Model how to use the illustrations to enhance understanding of the text. Read aloud and comment on how an illustration provides clues to the words.
  3. Write these words on cards. Have ELL students find each word in the story and then identify the item in an illustration in the book.
paint arm bell window knees
branches leg feet head curtains

Interdisciplinary Activities
To help students integrate their reading experiences with other curriculum areas, you might try one or more of the following activities.

Social Studies

  1. In the book, Meena’s family is of Indian descent. Yoga also has its roots in India. Use these connections to teach a mini-lesson on geography. Help students locate India on a world map or globe. Have them answer questions such as: * What bodies of water surround India? * What is the capital of the country?
    • What countries border India?
    • What important rivers and landforms does India have?
  1. Invite a local yoga instructor to class to explain and demonstrate some of the poses and to lead students in trying them. If an instructor is not available, you might show a yoga video and let students try the poses.{: style=”margin-left: 18px;”}

Language Arts
Students might work with partners to make yoga booklets or charts in which they illustrate words and phrases from the book including: arch, balance, stretch, breathe, movement, quiet, focus, body, still mind, aware, cat pose, frog pose, cobra pose, tree pose, lotus pose.

Art
Creative students might enjoy making posters to advertise Meena's class play. Before starting, suggest that students study the illustrations in the book for ideas.

About the Author
Uma Krishnaswami was born in New Delhi, India, and is now a resident of Aztec, New Mexico, where she lives with her husband and son. Krishnaswami has written numerous books for children including Bringing Asha Home, Hello Flower, and Yoga Class, published by LEE & LOW BOOKS, and Monsoon, Chachaji’s Cup, Remembering Grandpa, and The Closet Ghosts. In addition to writing books and publishing in young peoples’ magazines such as Highlights for Children and Kahani, Krishnaswami co-directs the Bisti Writing Project (BWP), a site of the National Writing Project, is on the faculty of the Vermont College MFA Program in Writing for Children & Young Adults, and teaches writing online through Writers on the Net.

About The Happiest Tree: A Yoga Story, Krishnaswami says she and Meena have a lot in common. “I used to be one of those restless kids who talked too much and could never stay still. While in a school play, I once stepped on a loose floorboard and fell right through the stage.” The subject of yoga is a familiar one to Krishnaswami. She practices hatha yoga and understands that children can benefit from the idea that “learning to step back and find a quiet place in yourself can help in a host of difficult situations.”

About the Illustrator
Ruth Jeyaveeran was born in Zambia in Africa to parents of Indian heritage. Jeyaveeran was raised in the Midwestern United States and received her BFA in painting from the University of Michigan. She currently lives in Brooklyn, New York, where she has a studio. Jeyaveeran is a full-time author and illustrator. Her books include The Road to Mumbai and The Spectacular Adventures of Sophie and Sebastian.

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About This Title

Guided Reading:

R

Lexile:

AD510L

Interest Level:

Grades K - 3

Reading Level:

Grades 2 - 3

Themes

Classroom Activities, Sports, Identity/Self Esteem/Confidence, Overcoming Obstacles, Mothers, Mentors, Friendship, Families, Dreams & Aspirations, Dance, Disability, Childhood Experiences and Memories, Art, Asian/Asian American Interest, Empathy/Compassion, Persistence/Grit, Realistic Fiction, Self Control/Self Regulation, Pride, India

Collections

English Fiction Grades 3-6, Fluent Dual Language , Fluent English, Bilingual English/Spanish and Dual Language Books , India Culture and History Collection, English Fiction Grades PreK-2, Appendix B Diverse Collection Grades K-2, Social and Emotional Learning Collection, Realistic Fiction Collection Grades PreK-2, Identity and Individuality , Dual Language Collection English and Spanish, Dual Language Levels N-Z Collection, Recognizing & Managing Emotions Collection, Social and Emotional Learning Collection

Asian American Collection English 6PK

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