TEACHER'S GUIDE FOR:
By Ken Mochizuki
Illustrations by Dom Lee
Shorty and his family, along with thousands of Japanese Americans, are sent to an internment camp after the attack on Pearl Harbor. Fighting the heat and dust of the desert, Shorty and his father decide to build a baseball diamond and form a league in order to boost the spirits of the internees. Shorty quickly learns that he is playing not only to win, but to gain dignity and self respect as well. Baseball Saved Us will appeal again and again to readers who enjoy cheering for the underdog.
In 1942, two months after Japan attacked Pearl Harbor in Hawaii on December 7, 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, which incarcerated people of Japanese descent in internment camps. The reason, according to the government, was because it could not tell who might be loyal to Japan. The United States was at war with Germany and Italy at the time, but the order did not apply to German Americans and Italian Americans.
Approximately 120,000 Japanese-Americans–nearly two-thirds of them American citizens by birth–were first sent to temporary assembly centers (most of which were located at fairgrounds and racetracks) and then to 10 major concentration camps in six western states and Arkansas.
None of the internees was ever proven to be dangerous to America during World War II. In 1988, the United States government admitted that what it had done was wrong.
Prereading Focus Questions
Before students read the story, you might want them to discuss one of the following questions as a motivation for reading.
- The characters in Baseball Saved Us were taken from their home and sent to live in an internment camp. They had not done anything wrong. They were Japanese Americans who lived on the West Coast at a time when the United States was fighting a war with Japan. Do you think it was fair for the government to take them from their home and make them move far away? How would you feel if this happened to your family?
- Ken Mochizuki, the author of Baseball Saved Us, is the son of parents who were sent to an internment camp during World War II. Their experiences in the Camp inspired him to write this story. Have your parents or grandparents had experiences you would like to write about? What kind of story would you write?
- Before students read the story, have pairs of students search through the text for interesting or unfamiliar words. Have student volunteers write the words on the chalkboard. Discuss with students the possible meaning of each unfamiliar word.
- You might want to work with students to brainstorm a list of words that pertain to migrant farm workers. As you elicit students' prior knowledge, incorporate some of the vocabulary from the text, such as shanties, labor camps, harvest, and crops.
- You might want to work with students on a word web for baseball terms, since many students may be unfamiliar with the terminology. Write the word BASEBALL on the chalkboard and draw a circle around it. Then have students generate all the baseball-related terms they can think of. Be sure to elicit terms that appear in the text: bleachers, baseball field, bats, balls, gloves, team, infield, catcher, base, inning, strike, hit, no hitter, pitcher, home plate.
Setting a Purpose for Reading
Have students examine the cover of the book, the title, and the first few pages of Baseball Saved Us. Then ask them to brainstorm what they think the book will be about. Have students create a chart listing what they think will happen in the story and what questions they hope will be answered by the story's end.
After students have finished reading the story, or have had the story read aloud to them, suggest that they complete their charts. You may wish to have them use the charts as a basis for a written response to the book.
Reader's Response Journals
To promote active reading, you might wish to have students keep a reader's response journal as they read the story. The journal will help students personalize what they are reading. Ask students to write their reactions to the people and events in the story. What kind of person is Shorty? Why does Teddy refuse to get his father a cup of water? What does this incident tell about life in the Camp? What effect does life in the Camp have on Shorty? Do you identify with Shorty's struggles? Why or why not?
ELL/ESL Teaching Strategies
- You might wish to have students who speak English as a second language read the story to each other. Encourage each pair of students to read alternate paragraphs to each other. Tell them to discuss with each other any parts of the story that they do not understand.
- Encourage ESL students to connect the events of the story with the illustrations. Students may work in pairs, pausing to discuss the significance of each illustration as they read the story aloud to each other.
Brainstorm writing ideas with a small group of students who have read the story. List their suggestions on a large sheet of paper. Encourage students to come up with ideas such as the following:
- Pretend that you are Shorty. Write a diary entry telling how you felt when you hit your first home run. Discuss your feelings about the guard who wore sunglasses.
- Write a newspaper article about Shorty's home run in the Camp. Include a description of the baseball field, and explain why the teams are playing baseball in the desert.
- Imagine that you are living in a camp like the one Shorty lived in. Write a letter to a friend, telling about life in the Camp and how you feel about being sent to live there.
- Write a brief book review about Baseball Saved Us. Explain what the story is about and how you felt about the characters and events in the book. Be sure to include the title and the author in your review. If you would recommend the book to your classmates, give reasons for your recommendation.
Be sure to remind students to save their work in their writing portfolios.
In order to integrate students' reading experiences with other subject areas, you might want to have students complete some of these activities.
- Have students research the treatment of Jews in Germany during World War II. Tell Students to write a brief essay comparing and contrasting the treatment of Jews during the Holocaust with the treatment of Japanese Americans in the United States during World War II.
- Tell students that the United States government recently apologized to Japanese Americans for the injustice done to them during World War II. Ask students to find out what actions the government took to make reparations for this injustice. Tell students to write a brief response to what they have learned.
You might have students assess what they wrote in their reader's response journals by asking them to respond to the following questions:
–What details did you give to explain what Shorty was like?
–What could you tell about life in the Camp? How did being in the Camp make people feel and act?
–What reasons did you give for identifying with, or not identifying with Shorty?
You might want to make sure that students understand the task. However, do not grade journals for grammar, mechanics, or writing structure, since journal writing is, of its nature, informal and personal writing.
About the Author and Illustrators
Ken Mochizuki is a novelist, journalist, and an actor. A native of Seattle, Washington, he received his bachelor's degree from the University of Washington. His parents were sent to the Minidoka internment camp in Idaho. He got his inspiration for Baseball Saved Us reading a magazine article about an Issei (first generation Japanese American) man who built a baseball diamond and formed a league within the camps.
Dom Lee is a native of Seoul, South Korea. He received his bachelor's degree in fine arts from Seoul National University and his master's degree from the School of Visual Arts in New York City. He lives in New Jersey. The illustrations for Baseball Saved Us were rendered by applying encaustic beeswax on paper, then scratching out images, and finally adding oil paint for color. Some of Dom's illustrations were inspired by photographs taken by Ansel Adams in 1943, from the Library of Congress collection.
Ken and Dom have also worked together on the award-winning titles, Heroes and Passage to Freedom: The Sugihara Story, and Be Water, My Friend: The Early Years of Bruce Lee – all published by Lee & Low Books. Also to Dom Lee’s credit is Journey Home, which he illustrated with his wife, Keunhee Lee.
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Other books of Interest
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About This Title
Interest Level:Grades 1 - 6
Reading Level:Grades 3 - 3
War, United States History, Sports, Similarities and Differences, Identity/Self Esteem/Confidence, Overcoming Obstacles, Home, History, Fathers, Families, Dreams & Aspirations, Discrimination, Conflict resolution, Childhood Experiences and Memories, Bullying, Asian/Asian American Interest, Empathy/Compassion, Gratitude, Integrity/Honesty , Leadership, Persistence/Grit, Realistic Fiction, Respect/Citizenship, Self Control/Self Regulation, World War II, Pride, Courage, Tolerance/Acceptance, Immigration
Asian/Asian American English Collection Grades 3-5, English Fiction Grades 3-6, Fluent Dual Language , Fluent English, Historical Fiction Grades 3-6, Historical Fiction Grades PreK-2, Appendix B Diverse Collection Grades 3-6, Realistic Fiction Grades 3-5, Father's Day Collection, Bestsellers and Favorites Collection, Bilingual English/Spanish and Dual Language Books , Civil Rights Book Collection, Athletes and Sports, High-Low Books for Preteens (Grades 4-6), Asian Pacific American Heritage Collection , 25 Years Anniversary Collection, Appendix B Diverse Collection Grades K-2, Japanese Collection, Listening Library, Listening Library, Baseball & Softball Collection, Respect and Self-Respect Collection, Dual Language Collection English and Spanish, Dual Language Levels N-Z Collection, Persistence and Determination Collection, Pedro Noguera Diverse Collection Grades 3-5, Pedro Noguera Reluctant Readers Collection , Social Activism Collection Grades PreK-2, Asian American Collection English 6PK, World War II Collection, EmbraceRace Webinar: Books that Support Kids To Think Critically About Racial Inequity, English Guided Reading Level O, Social Activism Collection, Anti-Racism Book Collection
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